Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1768)

Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1768)

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The power of many of the eastern Indian tribes had been sapped by the demands of the French and Indian War and Pontiac's Rebellion. A possible respite was provided by the implementation of the Proclamation of 1763, a British plan to end white incursions onto Indian lands by establishing a line of separation down the crest of the Appalachian Mountains.Within months after the new policy's enunciation, the pressure was on to secure more lands from the tribes. In return for a guarantee of their traditional homelands in western New York, the Iroquois surrendered their claims south of the Susquehanna and Ohio rivers — lands not occupied by the Six Nations, but home to the Delaware, Mingo and Shawnee.British aims in the Treaty of Fort Stanwix are not entirely clear. The mounting friction culminated in 1774 in Lord Dunmore’s War, a clash that resulted in further white access to Indian hunting grounds and free navigation of the Ohio River.

See also Indian Wars Time Table.

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