Dick Duckworth

Dick Duckworth


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Richard (Dick) Duckworth was born in Collyhurst, Manchester. He played football for Smedley Road School before joining Harpurhey Wesleyan Juniors. He also played for Stretford before signing for Newton Heath.

By 1902 the club was £2,670 in debt and faced a winding-up order. At a shareholders' meeting in the New Islington Hall, Harry Stafford announced that he and four local businessmen, including John Henry Davies, were willing to takeover the club's debts. The Football League approved the plan and Newton Heath now became Manchester United.

Stafford, along with Davies, became a director of Manchester United and James West was appointed as manager. Davies arranged for John J. Bentley to be appointed as president of the club. However, at the end of the 1902-03 season West and Stafford were suspended by the Football Association for making illegal payments to players. In his defence, Stafford claimed: "Everything I have done has been in the interests of the club."

Ernest Mangnall became the new manager. He made several new signings. Probably the most significant was Charlie Roberts, who cost a record transfer fee of £600. Other important signings included Charlie Sagar, George Wall, John Peddie, John Picken, Thomas Blackstock and Alec Bell.

Mangnall played Duckworth at right-half. In the 1905-06 season Manchester United won promotion to the First Division when they finished second to Bristol City.

Manchester United started off the 1907-08 season with three straight wins. They were then beaten 2-1 by Middlesbrough. However, this was followed by another ten wins and United quickly built up a good advantage over the rest of the First Division. Although Liverpool beat them 7-4 on 25th March, 1908, Manchester United went on to win the title by nine points. Top scorers were Sandy Turnbull (25), George Wall (19), Jimmy Turnbull (10) and Billy Meredith (10).

Mangnall had created an impressive team that was solid in defence and exciting in attack. The former Southampton player, Harry Moger, was a reliable goalkeeper who played in 38 league games that season. Dick Holden (26) or George Stacey (18) competed for the right-back position whereas Herbert Burgess (27) was the left-back. It has been argued that the half-back line of Dick Duckworth (35), Charlie Roberts (32) and Alec Bell (35) was the heart-beat of the side. Billy Meredith (37) and George Wall (36) were probably the best wingers playing in the Football League at the time and provided plenty of service for the inside trio of Sandy Turnbull (30), Jimmy Turnbull (26) and Jimmy Bannister (36).

The following season Manchester United enjoyed a good run in the FA Cup. They beat Brighton & Hove Albion (1-0), Everton (1-0), Blackburn Rovers (6-1), Burnley (3-2) and Newcastle United (1-0) to reach the final. Newcastle, who went onto win the league that season, was obviously disappointed by being prevented from winning the double. However, the whole of the Newcastle team waited for 15 minutes in torrential rain aboard an open coach so they could applaud their conquerors after the game.

Jimmy Turnbull (5), Harold Halse (4) and Sandy Turnbull (3) got the goals during the successful cup run that got them to the final at Crystal Palace against Bristol City. As both clubs usually wore red, Bristol played in blue whereas Manchester United played in white shirts with a deep red "V". The game was disappointing and Sandy Turnbull scored the only goal in the 22nd minute.

In June 1910 Ernest Mangnal purchased Enoch West from Nottingham Forest. He replaced Jimmy Turnbull in the attack and had a great season scoring 19 goals in 35 games. West formed a great partnership with Sandy Turnbull and together they scored more than half of the team's goals. On the last Saturday of the season Aston Villa led Manchester United by one point. United had to play third-place Sunderland at Old Trafford whereas Aston Villa had to go to Liverpool.

Manchester United won their game 5-1. Charlie Roberts told the Manchester Saturday Post what happened next: "At the end of the game our supporters rushed across the ground in front of the stand to wait for the final news from Liverpool. Suddenly a tremendous cheer rent the air and was renewed again and again and we knew we were the champions once again." Aston Villa had been beaten 3-1 and Duckworth and his Manchester United had won their second championship in four years.

Duckworth suffered a severe knee injury in December 1913 that virtually ended his football career. He had scored 11 goals in 225 league appearances for the club.

After retiring from the game, Duckworth ran the Queen's Arms in Manchester.


Duckworth–Lewis–Stern method

The Duckworth–Lewis–Stern method (DLS) is a mathematical formulation designed to calculate the target score for the team batting second in a limited overs cricket match interrupted by weather or other circumstances. The method was devised by two English statisticians, Frank Duckworth and Tony Lewis, and was formerly known as the Duckworth–Lewis method (D/L). [1] It was introduced in 1997, and adopted officially by the ICC in 1999. After the retirements of Duckworth and Lewis, Professor Steven Stern became the custodian of the method and it was renamed to its current title in November 2014. [2] [3]

When overs are lost, setting an adjusted target for the team batting second is not as simple as reducing the run target proportionally to the loss in overs, because a team with ten wickets in hand and 25 overs to bat can play more aggressively than if they had ten wickets and a full 50 overs, for example, and can consequently achieve a higher run rate. The DLS method is an attempt to set a statistically fair target for the second team's innings, which is the same difficulty as the original target. The basic principle is that each team in a limited-overs match has two resources available with which to score runs (overs to play and wickets remaining), and the target is adjusted proportionally to the change in the combination of these two resources.


Illinois senator Tammy Duckworth, who lived in poverty in Hawaii, brings remarkable life story to Biden’s VP search

Sen. Tammy Duckworth arrives for a briefing on Capitol Hill in Washington on March, 12.

CHICAGO >> Illinois U.S. Sen. Tammy Duckworth quietly has been writing an autobiography, her personal story of going from selling flowers on a Hawaii roadside amid poverty and losing both legs in a combat helicopter crash in Iraq to an improbable rise in national politics.

Her life&rsquos latest turn could become the book&rsquos climax &mdash a shot at becoming Joe Biden&rsquos running mate. Duckworth is one of at least 13 women being vetted by the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee&rsquos team, and it&rsquos the power of her biography that has helped land her in such select company.

&ldquoShe&rsquos got an incredible life story and as I got into it, I thought this is something the American people will be stunned to hear the details of,&rdquo said Duckworth&rsquos political mentor Illinois U.S. Sen. Dick Durbin, who has read the initial chapters of her book. &ldquoShe&rsquos done so much in her life, overcoming adversity so many different ways. She&rsquos got a great story, and I think she&rsquod be a great running mate for Joe Biden.&rdquo

Of course, there&rsquos more to the selection of a running mate than having a dramatic personal story.

Would the candidate be able to assume the duties of the nation&rsquos highest office at a moment&rsquos notice? Could the candidate become a true partner with whom Biden is comfortable?

And then there&rsquos the political calculation of whether the No. 2 selection can rev up the party&rsquos base or reach beyond it to deliver votes in pivotal swing states.

For a nonincumbent candidate, the choice of a running mate is the first true example of presidential decision-making, a statement on the candidate&rsquos values and agenda. For Biden, who is 77 years old and may serve only one term, the pick largely will be viewed as a potential successor.

&ldquoYou really have to start by saying, &lsquoWould reachable voters perceive this person as being a plausible president?&rsquo&rdquo said Joel Goldstein, a St. Louis University law professor and the author of two books on the vice presidency.

&ldquoUltimately, it comes down to a question of: Does Duckworth present herself as somebody who&rsquos ready to excel on the national stage, and is she somebody who Vice President Biden sees as a person who can be his political partner for the administration?&rdquo Goldstein said.

Duckworth&rsquos personal story, quick rise through Democratic politics and deep understanding of military and veterans issues are countered by some political drawbacks.

She doesn&rsquot have a long legislative track record of accomplishments. She&rsquos run only one statewide race and never a national campaign. She is not from a battleground state. And while as a Thai American she is a woman of color, many Democrats believe Biden should choose a Black woman as the nation confronts a history of systemic racism following the police killing of George Floyd.

Among many in the Washington beltway class, Duckworth isn&rsquot top of mind in a group that includes former presidential candidates Kamala Harris and Elizabeth Warren. The same holds true nationally, with a recent New York Times/Siena poll finding Duckworth is unknown by 72% of voters.

Still, the senator from the Chicago suburb of Hoffman Estates remains among a select group of seven or eight candidates to have submitted records and sit for interviews with the campaign staff, according to various reports.

&ldquoI don&rsquot know where she fits in,&rdquo Democratic strategist David Axelrod said of Duckworth&rsquos place in the quadrennial veepstakes.

The Chicago political veteran, who was an architect of Barack Obama&rsquos presidential campaigns, worked as the media strategist on Duckworth&rsquos first 2006 campaign and backed her successful 2012 House bid.

&ldquoShe has an incomparable personal story that is very compelling,&rdquo Axelrod said. &ldquoThe question that Biden will have to ask relative to her is: Does she match this particular moment and does her experience measure up to the job?&rdquo

For her part, Duckworth said finding herself in contention for the post hasn&rsquot changed her approach to her job. She said she&rsquos still calling out Trump &ldquofor his racism&rdquo and &ldquofailure to lead&rdquo on the coronavirus. The only difference has been handing over records and answering questions from campaign vetters.

&ldquoI believe that Joe Biden is going to pick the right person that he has the best relationship with to govern,&rdquo Duckworth said in an interview. &ldquoI think he&rsquos trying to duplicate in many ways the relationship he had with President Obama, and I think that that was a strong one.&rdquo

Duckworth met then-Sen. Biden when Durbin invited her as his guest to the State of the Union speech in 2005. She said the relationship really took hold when she gave a speech at the 2008 Democratic National Convention introducing Biden&rsquos son Beau, who in turn introduced his father as the vice presidential nominee.

Duckworth said she has a great relationship with Biden and even more so with his wife, Jill Biden, who focused heavily on veterans issues as second lady. Duckworth recounted how Vice President Biden called her after she won a second House term in 2014.

&ldquoIt was this voice, &lsquoTammy, it&rsquos Joe. How ya doin&rsquo?&rsquo Joe? &lsquoYeah, you know, the vice president.&rsquo I told him, &lsquoMr. Vice President, why are you calling me?&rsquo There were bigger and more critical races. … It wasn&rsquot exactly a nail-biter, and he says, &lsquoNo, you did a great job, and I just wanted to say thank you,&rsquo&rdquo Duckworth recalled. &ldquoThat&rsquos just the way he is. He calls you and chats. I think I have a very warm relationship with him.&rdquo

Duckworth co-hosted a virtual fundraiser for Biden in May. In thanking her, Biden credited the Kennedy family with the expression &ldquoMoral courage is even more rare than physical courage in the battlefield.&rdquo

&ldquoBut I couldn&rsquot think of anything that demonstrated more courage than you in that helicopter,&rdquo Biden told Duckworth. &ldquoNo one has more courage or compassion than you.&rdquo

In writing her autobiography, Duckworth has completed the chapters detailing her childhood up through her enlistment &mdash at least those are the ones Durbin said he has read.

It&rsquos unclear whether the senator has a book deal or a publication date, as her spokesman declined to comment.

Her story starts in Bangkok, where she was born Ladda Duckworth to a Thai mother of Chinese descent and an American father. She grew up living throughout Southeast Asia as her dad, a retired Marine, worked on refugee and housing projects. Along the way, he lost his job and the family fell into poverty as she attended McKinley High School.

She graduated from the University of Hawaii and later received a master&rsquos degree in international affairs from George Washington University in Washington, D.C. Duckworth joined the Army Reserve Officers&rsquo Training Corps while in graduate school and later became a commissioned officer in the Army Reserve, choosing to fly helicopters because it was one of the few combat jobs open to women.

She married Bryan Bowlsbey, a major in the Illinois National Guard, in 1993.

On Nov. 12, 2004, Duckworth was co-piloting a Black Hawk helicopter in Iraq when her aircraft was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade. Then 36, she lost almost all of her right leg and her left leg below the knee and badly injured her right arm. She nearly bled to death.

&ldquoAfter having an RPG blow up in your lap, everything else isn&rsquot that tough,&rdquo Duckworth once said.

Within a few months, she had been awarded a Purple Heart, promoted to major and attended the State of the Union address with Durbin. She spent nearly a year recovering at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, harboring dreams of becoming one of the few amputee pilots in military history.

But by December 2005, she was running for Congress instead, recruited by Durbin to make a bid for the longtime northwest suburban Republican seat held by the retiring Henry Hyde.

Bolstered by then-Congressman Rahm Emanuel, who was in charge of the party&rsquos effort to retake control of the House, national Democrats raised millions for Duckworth but she came up just short against Republican Peter Roskam.

After stints with the state and national departments of veterans affairs, Duckworth again ran for Congress in 2012 after Illinois Democrats redrew a GOP-leaning suburban district in their favor. Duckworth won easily.

Four years later, she made her run at the Senate, defeating first-term incumbent Mark Kirk, who had suffered a massive stroke and was viewed as the nation&rsquos most vulnerable Republican senator.

Duckworth&rsquos time in Washington has been marked by several firsts: first woman with a disability to be elected to the U.S. House, first member of Congress born in Thailand, first U.S. senator to give birth in office and first lawmaker to bring their infant to the Senate floor for a vote after the chamber changed its centuries-old rules.

Asked if she ever feels her unlikely story from Bangkok to Baghdad to Capitol Hill overshadows her legislative work, Duckworth replied that, &ldquowho I am, my background and my service gets me through the door&rdquo with individuals, many of them more conservative, who might not otherwise listen to a junior senator from deep blue Illinois.

She then offered what could be interpreted as a veiled pitch for the VP slot: &ldquoI think to truly win this next election, you need to be able to win the heart of the country. And that means you have to be able to talk to folks in Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio and Michigan and all those places.&rdquo

During her two terms in the House, Duckworth had few legislative accomplishments, though it can be difficult to break through as a newcomer in the minority party. In the upper chamber, she has made some headway.

Duckworth passed an infrastructure bill that prevents governors from delaying projects in neighboring states, another that allows veteran small-business owners to acquire surplus federal equipment and property and a law requiring airports to provide rooms for nursing mothers and restroom changing tables.

Most recently, Duckworth has pushed for a measure requiring independent investigations of police shootings, which grew out of the Chicago police murder of Laquan McDonald in 2014.

There are aspects of Duckworth&rsquos record that are not as well-known nationally and not always as flattering as her trailblazing rise to office &mdash much of it tied to her time as a bureaucrat in the VA.

Duckworth was appointed in November 2006 by then-Gov. Rod Blagojevich to run the state&rsquos veterans affairs department. After Obama was elected president, Duckworth was appointed as one of several assistant secretaries at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

A Chicago Tribune review of Duckworth&rsquos record during her Senate bid found that her time at the federal VA mostly was focused on public relations while many of her initiatives as leader of the state VA fell flat &mdash including a seldom-used veterans health care program, a tax credit program for businesses that hire veterans and a student debt program for VA nurses.

In both roles, Duckworth has said she did her best to bring awareness to critical issues facing veterans, touting state efforts for a mental health hotline for suicidal veterans, traumatic brain injury screenings for wounded soldiers and a new lottery game benefiting veterans.

In Washington, Duckworth has built solid relationships across the party, said Illinois U.S. Rep. Cheri Bustos, the chairwoman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.

&ldquoI literally cannot think of one group within House Democrats that she not only had good relationships with, but strong relationships,&rdquo Bustos said. &ldquoIt is very hard to do.&rdquo

A vice presidential pick is often assigned the task of aggressively attacking the sitting president. It&rsquos a comfortable role for Duckworth, who regularly appears on cable news to criticize Trump.

Duckworth has dubbed Trump &ldquoCadet Bone Spurs&rdquo in reference to his military deferment during Vietnam. She once took to the Senate floor to say &ldquomy diaper-wearing 20-month-old daughter has better impulse control than this president&rdquo in creating risks of war through his use of the military.

&ldquoWhen he ventures into the military space with his grandiose plans for parades and military escapades, I can tell that it goes right to her heart,&rdquo Durbin said.

Duckworth forcefully spoke out against Trump&rsquos use of the military to clear peaceful protesters from Washington&rsquos Lafayette Park. She said Trump had &ldquotrampled the First Amendment rights of Americans&rdquo for a &ldquodisgusting, crass photo op.&rdquo

&ldquoI am coming from a place where I have the ability to push back on him in a way that someone who has not served can&rsquot,&rdquo Duckworth said. &ldquoI&rsquom not going to watch him bully other people when I can stand up and say, &lsquoI see you. You are a fake patriot. You are a coward, who did not serve his country when the country called. So, don&rsquot talk to me about patriotism.&rsquo&rdquo

After reports surfaced that the Trump administration had received intelligence about a suspected Russian effort to pay the Taliban bounties to kill U.S. troops in Afghanistan, Duckworth demanded Senate hearings and was again sharply critical of the president.

&ldquoI am disgusted, flabbergasted,&rdquo Duckworth said in an MSNBC interview Monday. &ldquoHe continues to put Russia&rsquos interests above the well-being of American troops, and that is absolutely unacceptable.&rdquo

With only weeks to go before Biden unveils his choice, it&rsquos hard to know how closely he is weighing Duckworth, Axelrod said, while noting that it&rsquos not surprising she&rsquos in the mix.

&ldquoShe served in the military for decades and she sacrificed in a really, really pronounced way for her country. That is a big asset,&rdquo he said. &ldquoIt&rsquos one thing to debate war. It&rsquos another thing to understand what the weight of war is in a very personal way, and she does.&rdquo

Durbin called Duckworth &ldquoa good campaigner&rdquo with &ldquoan appeal that reaches out on a bipartisan basis.&rdquo

&ldquoShe&rsquos straightforward. She&rsquos not a phony. She&rsquos not a showoff. She&rsquos a war hero. She&rsquos a mother, a woman of color,&rdquo Bustos said.

Goldstein, the expert on the vice presidency, agreed that Duckworth&rsquos unique attributes would &ldquocheck off important boxes&rdquo during the vetting process.

&ldquoThere are things about her that distinguish her from the other people that Vice President Biden is considering,&rdquo he said. &ldquoBut that doesn&rsquot mean she&rsquoll be selected.&rdquo

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Tammy Duckworth

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Tammy Duckworth, (born March 12, 1968, Bangkok, Thailand), American politician who was elected to the U.S. Senate as a Democrat in 2016 and began representing Illinois the following year. She previously was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (2013–17).

Duckworth was born in Bangkok, the daughter of an American development-aid worker and a Thai mother of Chinese descent. The family lived in Thailand and Singapore before relocating to Hawaii when she was 16. They briefly lived on public assistance, an experience that resonated with voters when Duckworth entered electoral politics. She graduated (1989) from the University of Hawaii, then took a master’s degree (1992) in international affairs at George Washington University, where she joined the Army Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC). During this time, she met her future husband, Bryan Bowlsbey, who was also in ROTC, and the couple later had two daughters when she had her youngest, in 2018, Duckworth became the first senator to give birth while in office.

Duckworth eventually became a member of the National Guard, training as a helicopter pilot. While working on a doctorate at Northern Illinois University, she was called to active duty and sent to Iraq in 2004. There her helicopter was shot down by a rocket-propelled grenade, and Duckworth lost both her legs and almost lost her right arm, which was saved after a 13-hour-long emergency surgery. While undergoing extensive rehabilitation at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Duckworth was awarded (2004) the Purple Heart. In 2014 she retired from the military as a lieutenant colonel. The following year she received a doctorate in human services at Capella University.

In 2006 Duckworth ran as a Democrat for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives but was defeated. She then served as the state’s director of the Department of Veteran Affairs (2006–09). After former Illinois senator Barack Obama became president, Duckworth became assistant secretary of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (2009–11). She resigned to run for the House of Representatives from the 8th congressional district of Illinois, and she defeated her Republican opponent by a 10-point margin in the 2012 race.

Duckworth took office in 2013, and she proved a dependable ally of President Obama and his legislative initiatives, including various provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. She was also a leader in efforts to pass gun-control legislation. In 2016 she ran against Republican incumbent Mark Kirk for a seat in the Senate. He assailed her for adhering to the Democratic line, to which she memorably replied, “These legs are titanium. They don’t buckle. Go ahead, take a shot at me.” She was elected by a broad margin, making her the first U.S. senator born in Thailand. After taking office in 2017, Duckworth continued to pursue largely liberal policies.

In 2018 Duckworth helped defeat a Republican-sponsored bill that, according to its critics, would have weakened the Americans with Disabilities Act. The following year the House of Representatives impeached Republican Pres. Donald Trump over allegations that he withheld aid to Ukraine in order to pressure the country into opening a corruption investigation into Joe Biden (in 2020 Biden became the Democratic presidential nominee). The Senate trial was held in February, and Duckworth voted to convict Trump, though he was acquitted in a largely party-line vote. Later in 2020 Duckworth was under consideration as a running mate for Biden, but he ultimately selected Kamala Harris. Biden went on to defeat Trump, though the latter challenged the results, alleging widespread voter fraud despite a lack of evidence. On January 6, 2021, as Duckworth and other members of Congress met to certify Biden’s victory, Trump supporters attacked the Capitol, temporarily halting the proceedings. Shortly thereafter the House impeached Trump for a second time, charging him with “incitement of insurrection.” Duckworth voted to convict, but Trump was acquitted in the Senate.


Dick Duckworth Manager Statistics

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Share All sharing options for: The Biden presidency: Sens. Dick Durbin, Tammy Duckworth back keeping U.S. Attorney John Lausch

US Attorney General William Barr (L) listens as US Attorney John R. Lausch, Jr. of the Northern District of Illinois speaks on Operation Legend, the federal law enforcement operation, during a press conference in Chicago, Illinois, on September 9, 2020. Getty

WASHINGTON — If it’s up to Illinois’ Democratic senators, U.S. Attorney John Lausch — nominated by President Donald Trump — will remain Chicago’s top federal prosecutor after Joe Biden becomes president.

Presidents can fire U.S. attorneys and Democratic Illinois Senators Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth want Lausch retained, the Chicago Sun-Times has learned.

Biden, kicking off his transition Monday, has not signaled his plans for the 93 U.S. attorneys, who serve at the discretion of the president.

Durbin spokesman Emily Hampsten said Durbin and Duckworth “supported John Lausch during his confirmation. And they continue to have confidence in him.”

Multiple corruption investigations have gone public during Lausch’s three-year tenure, leading to criminal charges against several Democratic politicians.

Even Illinois House Speaker Michael Madigan, who chairs the Democratic Party of Illinois, has been implicated, though not criminally charged, in a bribery case involving ComEd. Madigan has denied wrongdoing.

Court records show groundwork for those corruption cases was laid during the tenure of Lausch’s predecessor, Zachary Fardon.

Lausch shares a common background with Mayor Lori Lightfoot. Both once served as assistant U.S. attorneys in Chicago.

That might explain how Lightfoot and Lausch have managed to maintain a working relationship despite a toxic national divide that led Lightfoot to publicly spar with Trump over his constant Chicago-bashing and his attorney general, William Barr.

Lausch has been able to maintain Lightfoot’s trust even as he appeared at the White House with Trump to announce Operation Legend, a federal crime crackdown program, and when he shared the stage with Barr in Chicago last September.

Federal gun prosecutions up in Chicago, fewer illegal immigration, fraud cases

Trump’s Operation Legend resulting in more federal gun cases being filed in Chicago

Now, by offering a show of support to Lausch, Durbin and Duckworth are signaling they do not want any roadblocks thrown up that could be perceived as interfering with Lausch’s corruption investigations.

A Lausch spokesman did not return a call seeking comment Wednesday.

In March, 2017, then-U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions asked 46 U.S. attorneys appointed during former President Barack Obama’s administration to resign. Fardon was among them.

While U.S. attorneys are nominated by presidents, they must be confirmed by the Senate, now under Republican control. Whether the Senate flips to Democrats won’t be known until the January runoff for two Senate seats up for grabs in Georgia.

Controversy is avoided when the home state senators and the White House agree on a nominee. A nominee must clear the Senate Judiciary Committee, of which Durbin is a member, to get a Senate vote.

Lausch replaced Fardon in a collegial behind-the-scenes process in which the Trump White House worked with Durbin and Duckworth to find a candidate who the senators would support.

In 2017, the Trump White House sent Lausch, its pick to fill the newly vacant U.S. attorney seat in Chicago, to a screening panel created by Durbin and Duckworth to help fill the Northern District of Illinois top prosecutor’s vacancy.

Lausch flew through the Senate. Lausch was confirmed on a voice vote by the Senate for a four-year term on Nov. 9, 2017. If Lausch decides to depart when his term ends, Biden will still have a chance to tap his replacement.


Senator Tammy Duckworth on the Attack That Took Her Legs—And Having a Baby at 50

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Senator Duckworth in her Washington office with her infant daughter, Maile, and Abigail, age three. Hair: Michelle Smith Makeup: Valeska Williams. Photographed by Annie Leibovitz, Vogue, October 2018

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ILLINOIS SENATOR Ladda Tammy Duckworth owns a great pair of legs. They’re painstakingly painted by an artist to match the skin tone of her arm—right down to the freckles—and the second toe on one foot is longer than the first, just like her own used to be. But Duckworth can’t stand them. “When I see myself wearing those legs in a mirror, I see loss. But when I see this”—she gestures toward the steel-and-titanium prosthesis attached to her thigh above her right knee—“I see strength. I see a reminder of where I am now.” Same thing with her wheelchair. “People always want me to hide it in pictures. I say no! I earned this wheelchair. It’s no different from a medal I wear on my chest. Why would I hide it?”

She is sitting in the chair, a souped-up Segway that she received from a veterans’ group, in a small office close to the floor of the U.S. Senate. Looped over its back is a bag with her breast pump. On the table in front of her is her daily schedule prepared by staffers. It is filled with meetings having to do with issues in her home state, a few Senate votes, and then, discreetly tucked in at four-hour intervals, a series of asterisks. Time to pump milk for her baby.

There are so many firsts attached to Tammy Duckworth—she’s the Senate’s first member to give birth while in office, its first member born in Thailand (to an American father and a Thai mother of Chinese descent), and, of course, its first female amputee. It’s that last distinction that tends to overwhelm all the others. As a wounded veteran with a Purple Heart, she has introduced or cosponsored bills protecting the rights of veterans—and she’s been fearless in confronting the president over military and foreign affairs. Last January, when President Trump accused the Democrats of holding the military hostage over immigration, it was Duckworth who took to the Senate floor, declaring in a now-historic speech, “I will not be lectured about what our military needs by a five-deferment draft dodger.”

When I started to ask Duckworth a question about the accident that took her legs, she quickly corrected me. “It wasn’t an accident those suckers were trying to kill me.” Of course! I apologized, but she told me not to worry. It happens all the time. While she was sedated at Walter Reed hospital, fighting for her life, the doctors and nurses around her also kept referring to “the helicopter accident.” But she was sure they’d been attacked. She was the senior officer onboard that day if it was an accident, it was her fault.

It wasn’t an accident. On November 12, 2004, then-36-year-old Captain Tammy Duckworth was flying a Black Hawk to her base in Iraq, some 50 miles north of Baghdad. The mission had been routine, a grocery run, as she later described it, though nothing about that time or place was routine. Attacks on the base were so common, its residents had nicknamed it “Mortaritaville.” Training to become a helicopter pilot, Duckworth, the only woman in her class, knew the risks going in. When helicopters are hit, there’s no ejecting to safety.

She and her three crew members were lucky, in a way. The rocket-­propelled grenade that pierced the Plexiglas floor of the cockpit near her feet exploded in a burst of flame, but it did not cause the helicopter to combust. Clinging to consciousness, Duckworth tried to use her legs to land but found the normally responsive $6 million piece of machinery sluggish. Then she passed out. After her copilot landed, he took one look at Duckworth’s blackened face, her slumped-over torso, the blood gushing from her lower body, and assumed she was dead. Black Hawks travel in pairs, and a second helicopter had landed nearby, so they needed to move quickly. The crew evacuated the living and the wounded and then used precious moments to retrieve what they thought was Duckworth’s corpse. And that, for her, has made all the difference.

“I am no hero,” she says. “The guy who carried me out of there? He’s the hero.” It’s been fourteen years since the attack, but even now, when she talks about it, there’s a catch in her throat that’s contagious. If it had been Vietnam or any other American war, she would have died, but within 20 minutes she’d arrived at the combat hospital in Baghdad, well within the so-called golden hour when surgeons can save a life. A few days after that, she was at Walter Reed in Washington, D.C., where a team of doctors worked to save what they could (there was some question about whether she would be able to keep her right arm). Her legs were gone, but she felt her feet burning—and she says she still feels this ghostly sensation every day, as if she is walking on hot desert sand.

Politicians who want to bolster their military bona fides often visit Walter Reed to have their pictures taken while shaking a vet’s hand. Among soldiers, it is jokingly referred to as “the amputee petting zoo.” With her high cheekbones and long, jet-black hair, Duckworth would have made an appealing poster girl, but she was wary of being used. When Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld wanted to visit her, she said no. She might be military, but she leaned liberal, a result of growing up a mixed-race child in Southeast Asia, where her father’s development work took them to Singapore, Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. “Being Amerasian, post Vietnam War, people just assumed you were the child of a GI and a prostitute. I was so lucky my parents were married and I had an American passport. I saw kids spat upon, going through garbage, selling themselves, doing whatever they could to survive because they’d been discarded.” When the Duckworth family, including her little brother, moved to Hawaii, her father, who was then in his 50s and could trace his roots all the way back to the Revolutionary War, found it nearly impossible to get a job. To survive, the family went on food stamps, and Tammy, then in high school, took a series of low-paying jobs to keep the family afloat. At one point, she sold flowers from a plastic bucket on the side of the road, an experience that profoundly shaped her worldview. “I never worked as hard as when we were at our poorest,” she says. “So I felt if we could end up there, anyone could.”

One day, a call came to Walter Reed from Illinois senator Dick Durbin, asking if there were any wounded veterans from his state who would like to attend the State of the Union. Duckworth volunteered. That night Durbin shook her hand, gave her his card, and said she should call if she needed anything. So she did. Again and again. Not for herself but for other veterans who needed things, like missing pension payments. Durbin was impressed by her tenacity but also by the way she carried herself. “When I did the math later on, I realized she’d been injured only twelve weeks prior,” he recalls. “I couldn’t believe what a positive attitude she had.” A few months later, when Illinois’s longtime congressman Henry Hyde announced he was retiring, Durbin asked her to consider running.

She said she needed to talk to her husband, Bryan Bowlsbey, an information-technology specialist in the private sector. Bowlsbey met Duckworth in the ROTC program at George Washington University, where she was studying for an M.A. in international affairs. As she has told it, he made an unflattering comment about women in the military, she took umbrage, he apologized, and they have been together ever since. If his wife wanted to run for public office, Bowlsbey would support her. “I remember thinking maybe this could be my new mission,” Duckworth says. “I always wanted to help vets, and this could just be widening that field.” When Durbin realized his hand-picked candidate would have to make her announcement with an IV in her arm, he began to wonder if he had done the right thing. Running would mean resigning from the military while she still needed surgery. It was a big risk, but she was in. “Nothing holds her back,” Durbin says.

In the Hollywood version of Duckworth’s life, she would have won that first race. She did not. Jon Carson, who ran her campaign, remains an admirer, but managing such a principled candidate didn’t make his job easy. He would have loved to have a press conference with the crew members who were shot down with her, but she wouldn’t hear of it. Nor did she play the game of cozying up to donors as well as he might have liked. “Donors like to feel like they’re getting special inside information,” he says. “Tammy didn’t do that. She said the same thing in front of the donors as she said to the press and the voters. That’s just who she is.” He attributes her narrow loss (2 percent) in part to vicious attacks, including a last-minute mailer from her opponent with a Photoshopped picture of Duckworth giving money away to immigrants, a dig at her support of Senator Ted Kennedy’s pro-immigration bill. Six years later, she ran again and won. Four years later, she ran against the Republican who had won Barack Obama’s old seat in the Senate and won that race too. When she took the oath of office, Durbin says, there wasn’t a dry eye in the chamber. Including his? “You bet.”

THE TECHNICAL TERM for a woman who gives birth at the age of 50 is “geriatric pregnancy.” “Geriatric!” Duckworth says, laughing. “Not even advanced maternal age!” In the years when most women start thinking of having children, Duckworth was busy climbing the ranks in the military, where pregnancy means a mandatory grounding. “If you’re not flying,” she says, “you’re not competing.” Once her career as a combat pilot was over, she and her husband decided to begin a family. They tried naturally, then went to a fertility doctor recommended by the VA. She was told the daily X-rays at Walter Reed might have affected her ability to get pregnant.

After eight more years, her doctor said she was simply too old. It was a bitter pill for a woman who remains strong enough to compete—as she did in 2016—in her fourth marathon on a recumbent bike. Duckworth had begun looking into adoption when a friend recommended she see a celebrated fertility doctor in Chicago. Within eighteen months, she had her first child, Abigail, now three. This spring, she had her second child, Maile. It turned out the VA-recommended doctor she had been seeing worked at a Catholic facility, which did not sanction fertilizing embryos outside the body—the technique that ultimately made it possible for Duckworth to become pregnant. “What bugs me to this day,” she says, “is that she never said, ‘You need to go to a different kind of facility.’ I was educated! I was the director of Illinois Veterans Affairs. I didn’t do my due diligence, so what about those other families?”

The arrival of Maile has made Duckworth a celebrity in the Senate. “How is that baby?” asks Senator Dianne Feinstein as Duckworth rolls into an elevator following a vote on the Senate floor. It has also opened her eyes to the challenges so many mothers face, like being forced to breastfeed in a restroom at an airport. Last spring, Duckworth introduced the Friendly Airports for Mothers Act, to compel large and medium airports applying for a grant from the Department of Transportation to include a lactation area on-site. She was also responsible for getting the Senate to pass a resolution allowing children under the age of one onto the Senate floor.

Currently, Abigail is in preschool and Maile is being taken care of by a nanny who has set up a crib in Duckworth’s office. Duckworth knows she’s lucky to have such an arrangement, but what she really would have liked was a six-month maternity leave. “I am tired,” she admits when I ask. “I am overwhelmed. Who isn’t? The average American mom is tired. So many of us are numb from the trauma of having a president who acts the way he does.” But when you’re in a position to make a difference, it’s hard to stay home watching, say, immigrants being separated from their children, especially if you are the child of an immigrant. So she’s gearing up for fresh battles over immigration, over Judge Brett Kavanaugh’s nomination to the Supreme Court (she’ll vote no). “So it doesn’t matter if I am tired,” she tells me. “I am going to show up every day and fight. If that means I have to crawl to get a vote, I am going to do it.”

In the meantime, there’s dinner to think about. It’s one of the ironies people tend to overlook about politicians. They have a staff of dozens helping to implement their policy visions, but at the end of the day, they still have to go home and make dinner. (Her husband could do it, but then, she says, they’d be eating tacos every night.) I watch Duckworth and two of her millennial staffers engage in a passionate discussion of . . . couscous. Does she prefer Israeli or regular? “Whatever tastes good, cooks in five minutes, and costs $3 for two boxes,” she answers. Pragmatic, economical, and hopeful. What more could you want in a politician?


Service has shaped Sen. Tammy Duckworth. Is her next post in the White House?

Could another first-term Illinois senator join Joe Biden on the ticket?

Tammy Duckworth on US unemployment and Biden's VP options

As Tammy Duckworth, the newly minted junior senator from Illinois, returned to her wheelchair after standing to hold her hand on a copy of the Constitution at her swearing-in ceremony in the U.S. Capitol, she told then-Vice President Joe Biden, "it means a lot that you're the one who did this."

For Duckworth, his presence at the January 2017 ceremony was significant because she said that she felt he embodied "survival and resilience" and represented a culmination of service throughout his long career and personal story in the face of adversity.

"Over the years, (Biden) has just shown that he can overcome a lot, and I've overcome a lot. And he gets it. He gets it. He may not have gone through the same traumas that I've gone through, but he's gone through trauma, and he's seen the other side," Duckworth said in an interview with ABC News.

She now finds herself in contention to serve alongside Biden, the presumptive Democratic nominee for president. ABC News has learned that the senator is in the process of being vetted for the running mate slot and has interviewed with Biden's vice presidential search committee.

During the remaining weeks of the process, she maintains that she's prepared to serve in any capacity.

"I've made it clear to them that whatever role he wants -- he needs me to do -- I will perform that task," Duckworth said, tipping her hand that she is in talks with the Biden team. "And if that role is to go sweep floors on a U.S. base somewhere . I'll go do that. We have a lot of challenges in this country and I truly believe that Joe Biden is the right person to help us meet those challenges and overcome them."

Perhaps no other woman in consideration has as compelling a personal story as Duckworth. After spending a portion of her teenage years on food stamps and nearly homeless, she went on to join the Illinois National Guard, and deploy to Iraq in 2004, where the Blackhawk helicopter she was piloting was struck by a rocket-propelled grenade.

The attack left her near death, but Duckworth was saved by her fellow service members -- some who were also injured. She would wake in Walter Reed Army Medical Center, in what she described as "nonstop, unrelenting, seemingly endless agony." She lost both her legs in the attack and partial use of her right arm -- beginning what she has referred to as her "second life."

A former staffer sung the senator's praises, describing her as "no B.S." and thoughtful when it comes to her work. The former staffer spoke glowingly about her friendly nature amid downtime, including a love of pranks in the office, and showing off photos of her two young daughters -- a reminder that Duckworth is also a working mom.

But it's her military background, according to those close to Duckworth, that would inform her service as Biden's second-in-command.

"If you're looking for someone who's going to be a team player and a loyal ally -- that is what Tammy can do. She's an absolute team player. She's a workhorse, not a show horse and when we got to the Senate, she immediately was like 'OK, I want to be known for my hard work, my legislative and policy accomplishments. Everything else is secondary,'" the same former staffer said.

The lone VP contender with military experience

A recent spotlight on the military has allowed Duckworth to showcase her strengths as an attack dog against President Donald Trump, often appearing as a guest on cable news, and recently giving a pointed and personal speech on the Senate floor following reports that the president was briefed on the intelligence behind reports Russia offered bounties to Taliban militants to kill U.S. troops, but took no action.

"'I didn't know that our adversary was helping kill American troops because no one told me' is not an excuse for the commander in chief of the greatest military on earth. It is in fact a confession of incompetence," Duckworth said of Trump's claims he had not been informed.

Duckworth's military service also gives her a Teflon exterior, allies said, dodging any attacks or nicknames from the president despite giving him one -- "Cadet Bone Spurs," combining the highest military rank he ever received with the ailment that kept him from serving in Vietnam.

"Tammy is the most effective counterpoint to Donald Trump. She would add serious national security credentials to the ticket, speak personally for our military, and confront Donald Trump when he plays the bully. There's a reason Donald Trump has not invented a cheap nickname for Tammy. She's out of his league," Illinois' senior Sen. Dick Durbin, who played a pivotal role in getting Duckworth into politics, told ABC News in a statement.

For Duckworth, understanding what makes Trump tick is a "waste of time."

"I couldn't care less why Donald Trump has not responded to me. He's not worth me wasting time wondering, what motivations go on his mind because I can't even comprehend how someone can have 125,000 dead Americans and be out on the golf course," Duckworth said. "It is so alien to me, to everything that I've done in my life."

Still, when asked if she thought that the attention on the military in the midst of the biggest stories across the country would place a stronger emphasis on a Democratic ticket with military experience, Duckworth diplomatically demurred.

"I think there's a benefit to having someone with military experience," she said. "I don't think that it's a requirement, but I think it will frame an understanding for how to truly use our military to secure our nation's defense and our nation's national security without exploiting the military for political gain."

The challenges she's up against

Duckworth's prospects of landing on the ticket alongside Biden are up against her own record and history, and that of the slate of women also under consideration.

Sources close to Duckworth say the senator doesn't necessarily have aspirations for the White House, but for the woman who initially had her eyes set on the foreign service, a congressional career was not necessarily top of mind, either. For her, they say, it's about answering the call to service. She served two terms in the House, before becoming the junior senator from Illinois -- defeating incumbents twice to earn her seat.

"She's obviously been very effective," Joel Goldstein, a vice presidential scholar at St. Louis University said. "Can she now do that at the national stage as well? And that's the question I think they'll be asking about her, and all the other people that they're looking at."

Still, it remains to be seen if she satisfies a top qualification for Biden -- being able to step into the presidency on day one. That capability is one that is paramount given Biden's age -- he is 77 and would be the oldest president ever elected if he's successful -- and his vice president is largely being seen as a pick for his successor.

As the search for Biden's running mate approaches the early August target date for making a selection, Duckworth has been steadily raising her profile, particularly finding her stride as Trump's actions and the widespread national unrest across the country thrust the role of the military into the national spotlight.

But she also faces some hurdles.

On Tuesday, her hometown newspaper, the Chicago Tribune, criticized her legislative record as "light" -- a swipe at her "few legislative accomplishments" during her tenure in the House, despite making "some headway" in the Senate.

Duckworth, herself, entirely dismissed the charge, defending her efforts in both chambers, including passing a law that requires all major airports to provide nursing moms with private lactation rooms.

"I'm proud of the work that I have done," she said. "I did it always in the minority . I'm happy to put my legislative record of legislation and amendments that I passed up against anybody's . every day I wake up and I think, 'what else can I do to help serve my country?'"

Duckworth's lower name ID raises questions about her ability to energize the Democratic base, and her ability to help deliver victories across the battleground states that could ultimately define the outcome of the election. But it could also have some benefits, political experts said.

"From the Biden standpoint -- you've got to invest more in defining her than you would with Elizabeth Warren, . Kamala Harris . they're pretty well defined," Dr. Kent Redfield, an emeritus professor of political science at the University of Illinois at Springfield, said in an interview. "Now that also means she doesn't come in with some of the baggage that Harris or Warren might have."

The vice presidential search is occurring largely in secret and against the backdrop of deep national unrest over systemic racism and police brutality -- with some Democrats putting more pressure on Biden to pick an African American woman to signal his commitment to addressing the reckoning on race.

"When you think about any candidate, all of them have strengths and weaknesses," Goldstein said. "And so one of the challenges if to pick Sen. Duckworth is that although she's a person of color, she's not African American and, people who have argued that he ought to pick one of the contenders who's African American, would they be disappointed?"

A woman of many firsts in the Senate: Duckworth was born in Thailand, making her the first Thai American she is the first female amputee the first senator to give birth while in office and to bring her newborn to the Senate floor.

If selected, Duckworth would be the first person of Asian American descent on a presidential ticket -- and if successful, would be the first female vice president, and the first wheelchair user since Franklin Delano Roosevelt to serve in one of the nation's top two offices.

Duckworth also brings with her experience from the Department of Veteran's Affairs at both the state and federal level after she was tapped by disgraced former Gov. Rod Blagojevich and President Barack Obama, respectively, for leadership roles in both departments.


Analysis

Legislative Metrics

Ideology&ndashLeadership Chart

Duckworth is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Duckworth has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jun 24, 2021. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations


Illinois Senator Tammy Duckworth Will "Make History" as the First to Give Birth While in Office!

Tammy Duckworth is many things: the second female senator elected in Illinois, a retired Army lieutenant colonel, a Purple Heart recipient, a mom to 3-year-old Abigail, and now, pregnant with her second child, she will be the first sitting senator to give birth while in office. Duckworth is expecting the arrival of baby girl number two this April, just a few weeks after her 50th birthday on March 12.

In US history, just 10 women in Congress have given birth while in office, but all were serving in the House of Representatives at the time (and Duckworth is one of them!). Her colleague Sen. Dick Durbin of Illinois acknowledged Duckworth making history in a statement: "I am proud to have her as my Illinois colleague and prouder still that she will make history by being the first U.S. Senator to have a baby while in office. I couldn't be happier for her."

Just over six months pregnant now, Duckworth says she "feels great" - but the senator has had a long road to motherhood. She and her husband, Bryan Bowlsbey, tried a variety of methods to get pregnant before conceiving Abigail via IVF. Eighteen months after Abigail's C-section birth, Duckworth and Bowlsbey chose to try IVF again but endured several rounds and a miscarriage in 2016 before becoming pregnant with baby number two.

"I've had multiple IVF cycles and a miscarriage trying to conceive again, so we're very grateful," Duckworth told the Chicago Sun-Times. She added in a statement from her office: "Bryan and I are thrilled that our family is getting a little bit bigger, and Abigail is ecstatic to welcome her baby sister home this spring. As tough as juggling the demands of motherhood and being a Senator can be, I'm hardly alone or unique as a working parent, and Abigail has only made me more committed to doing my job and standing up for hardworking families everywhere."


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