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Diwali / Deepavali is also known as the Festival of Lights (the name of this festival may be literally translated from Sanskrit as rows of lights) , and is one of the most well-known and important Indian festivals. While the origins of this festival can be found in the Hindu faith, it is celebrated also by adherents of other faiths, including Sikhs and Jains. Additionally, although Diwali is a national holiday in India, its celebration has not been limited to that country alone, and today it is celebrated in many other parts of the world as well.
The Day to Celebrate Diwali
The exact date of Diwali varies from year to year, as it is determined by the Hindu lunisolar calendar. Nevertheless, the festival usually falls between mid-October and mid-November each year.
A page from the Hindu lunisolar calendar of 1871-72.
The festival of Diwali is celebrated over a period of five days and it coincides with the Hindu New Year. For some, Diwali also marks the beginning of a new financial year for Indian business. The actual day of Diwali is traditionally celebrated on the third day of this festive season. There are a number of traditions associated with the festival of Diwali.
The History Behind the Festival of Lights
The most widely shared of these is the story of Rama’s return from exile and his defeat of the demon king of Lanka, Ravana. This story can be found in the great Hindu epic, the Ramayana, and commemorates the triumph of good over evil.
According to this story, Rama was exiled from their home in Ayodhya by his stepmother, who wanted to place her own son on the throne. Rama was joined in his exile by his wife, Sita, and his younger brother, Lakshmana.
Rama leaving for fourteen years of exile from Ayodhya.
During their 14-year exile, Sita was kidnapped by Ravana, who wanted to exact revenge on Rama and Lakshmana for cutting off the nose of his sister, the demoness Surpanakha. Eventually, Rama rescued his wife by defeating and slaying the demon king. At the end of their exile, the three protagonists returned to Ayodhya, and Rama was crowned king. Upon their arrival in the city, they were welcomed joyfully by its citizens, who lighted thousands of earthen lamps. This tradition is still practiced today by Hindus celebrating Diwali.
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The Human Role in Making the World a Better Place
Another way of understanding the festival of Diwali may be obtained by looking beyond Rama’s return to Ayodhya. One scholar has pointed out that during the 15th century, a poet by the name of Tulasidasa wrote an account of the life of Rama in his version of the Ramayana. According to Tulasidasa, Rama’s return from exile ushered in a period of peace and prosperity, characterized by the absence of poverty, illiteracy, disease, and violence.
In spite of Rama’s status as a god (he is believed to be the 7th avatar of Vishnu), he did not bring about these transformations magically, but relied on the help of human beings. Thus, Diwali may also be seen as a festival that reminds us of our responsibility as human beings in making this world a better place through our co-operation with each other.
The Sikh ‘Prisoner Release Day’
For the Sikhs, the festival of Diwali coincides with another celebration known as Bandi Chhor Diwas , which means ‘Prisoner Release Day.’ This festival is celebrated to mark the day that the 6th Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind, was released from Gwalior Fort, along with 52 Hindu Rajas (kings), in 1619. There are several variations as to why Guru Hargobind became a prisoner of the Mughals.
A rare Tanjore-style painting from the late 19th century depicting the ten Sikh Gurus.
Guru Hargobind: Prisoner of the Mughals
In one version, the Guru was said to have been imprisoned because Jahangir, the Mughal emperor, was jealous of the rapid growth of the Sikh faith. Another version suggests that the Guru became good friends with Jahangir. In this version it was a rich banker by the name of Chandu Shah that was jealous of the good relationship between the two men and was responsible for the Guru’s imprisonment.
The arrival of Guru Hargobind.
When he arrived at Gwalior Fort, Guru Hargobind was greeted by 52 Hindu Rajas who had opposed the Mughals. When Jahangir found that Guru Hargobind was innocent and harmless, he decided to release the Guru. However, the latter refused to leave, unless the 52 Rajas were released as well.
A compromise was reached, and the Mughals promised that they would free any Raja who could hold onto the Guru’s gown. It seemed impossible that all 52 Rajas would be able to hold on to the Guru’s gown, and therefore obtain their freedom. Guru Hargobind, however, came up with an ingenious solution, and had a special gown made with 52 long strips attached to it. As a result, the Guru managed to obtain freedom for all the captive Rajas.
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To commemorate this event, each year on Diwali, Sikhs light up the Golden Temple at Amritsar and put on a fireworks display. Festivities are also taken part in by Sikhs outside India. One could argue that Diwali is a festival meant to bring out the best in people, wherever they are.
Composite image of fireworks over the Golden Temple, Amritsar, India. ( CC BY 2.0 )
Featured image: Candles being lit for the festival of Diwali.
Significance Of Diwali – Festival of Lights, Victory and Freedom
Diwali, a 5 days festivity of lights, victory and freedom runs from the 13th day of the dark half of the lunar month Ashvina to the second day of the light half of Karttika. In this period of time, you would notice a change in everyone. You would notice that everyone is in a mood of celebrating a cause which is just and important. This festival invites Goddess Laxmi adhering to the Sanskrit meaning of the word as “row of lights”.
During these days, earthenware lamps are filled and then lit, rangolis are made showing togetherness among the family members and their creativity to make things they are interested in apart from the level of experience they have. You can see the exchange of clothes, giving of sweets, feasting, decorating houses by lightings all over.
This festival originated from India but had later spread its wings all over the world to different western and European countries such as Nepal, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad, and Tobago. This festival is encouraged by many. It is believed that this festival shows the triumphing of good over evil. In northern parts of India, this occasion marks the return of God Rama and Goddess Soya to the city of Ayodhya after defeating the demon, Ravana.
Rangoli are some beautiful patterns made on the floors in almost every house in the country and elsewhere with a powdery substance. It is believed that drawing rangoli brings in wealth and good luck. The most delightful evening is the evening in which all burn firecrackers. It looks heavenly and you will find a feeling of landing into heaven after all the powerful tasks you did the year long. You’ll find peace in celebrating in a way you want to overcome all the sorrowful days and nights you passed through. You celebrate these days with your favorites.
The freedom our series gave can be felt even today. After the celebration, you would surely make it out that the hectic days were gone during cracking up with the celebratory mood. This festival brings happiness as reflected by the faces of your kids and other children however sad they might be the previous night over different other things.
Bonus knowledge – Trust your ancestors. Your peers still have faith in their sayings that Goddess Laxmi visits the homes which are clean enough. You may also light the staircases and your interiors to help the Goddess find away.
Partha Sarathi Mishra
Dr. Partha Sarathi Mishra is a senior IAS officer in the Government of Odisha, former additional secretary in the Higher Education Department, and presently working as the additional secretary in the Home Department of Govt Of Odisha.
Meaning and Significance of Diwali
Diwali is derived from the Sanskrit words “Dipavali” in which “ Dipa” refers to “Diya” or a lamp, candle or lantern and “avali” means a continuous row, thereby translating together as a row or a series of light.
One of the most significant connotation of Diwali is it being symbolic of knowledge or light illuminating the darkness of the night. Hence, it is celebrated as the occasion where ignorance is over come by the light of knowledge and wisdom. Diwali also marks the end of the lunar month, Ashwin and the beginning of the month of Kartika as per the Hindu calendar.
Nevertheless, Diwali is not just celebrated by the Hindus, but it is also celebrated by the Jains as the day of the final spiritual liberation of Mahavira. The Sikhs celebrate it as “Bandi chhor divas” or the day their revered saint Guru Hargobind was freed by the Mughal emperor from prison. The Bengali community celebrate Diwali as Kali Puja in which they worship the Goddess Kali. Among the Nepalese population of India and Nepal, this festival is referred to as “Tihar” and among the Buddhists it is called “Swanti”.
Diwali – Its various stories of origin
The story of origin of Diwali dates back to the Ramayana. Lord Rama the incarnation of Lord Vishnu was the rightful ruler of Ayodhya, but due to some family politics he was sent for “Vanvaas” alongwith his wife Sita. Vanvaas implied that they were forced to live in the forest as ascetics for a period of fourteen years. Seeing this injustice happen to Rama, his brother Lakshmana insisted that he join his brother and his sister in law for their Vanvaas.
Lord Rama ran into many friends and foes, during this period, the most talked about being Ravana a powerful ruler of Sri Lanka. Ravana fell for Sita and when he knew she was married, blinded by his power, he kidnapped her. Lord Rama was furious and with the help of his brother and ardent devotee Lord Hanumana, along with other allies, defeated and killed Ravana.
After much trials and tribulations he got his wife back and soon his stipulated time period in the forest also ended. Lord Rama being a just and benevolent leader was welcomed to Ayodhya with numerous diyas, as a triumphant return of the rightful King.
It was this night that later came to be celebrated as Diwali, the night where light overcame the dark and the triumph of good over evil. Among the Hindus of South India this day marks the victory of Lord Krishna. Another incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Lord Krishna is said to have defeated and killed the demon Narakasura.
This demon was the king of Pragjyotishepura and had created havoc among his subjects. Being an exceptionally powerful ruler none dared to oppose him, hence Lord Krishna challenged and killed the demon, also rescuing sixteen thousand females kept in captivity by Narakasura.
Diwali, also commonly known as Lakshmi Puja, is associated with the goddess of prosperity and wealth. Goddess Lakshmi was born from “Samudra Manthana”, which was the churning of the ocean by the “Devas” or the Gods and the “Asuras” or the Demons.
The ocean was churned using Mount Mandara as the churning rod and “Nagaraja Vasuki”, or the king of snake was used as the churning rope. A number of divine things were released as a reult of this Manthana and Goddess Lakshmi was also born out of this event. Diwali, therefore, commemorates the day Goddess Lakshmi chose to wed Lord Vishnu.
In the eastern regions of the Indian sub-continent, Hindus celebrate Diwali in reverence to the goddess of “Shakti” or power, Kali Mata. Among certain trade and merchant families of India, Diwali also celebrates goddess Saraswati, or the goddess of knowledge, learning and wisdom. Kubera, or the God in charge of the divine treasury, accounting and capital management, is also worshipped on this day.
Diwali among the Jains
Among the Jain community Diwali is observed as “Mahavira Nirvana Divas”. This day marks the physical death of Mahavira, wherein he attained nirvana. There were eighteen kings who attended the final teachings of Mahavira and the proclaimed that there entire kingdoms be lit with lamps, in memoriam of the spiritual light of Mahavira. This, according to Jainism began their tradition of celebrating the festival of light.
Diwali among the Sikhs
Diwali marks three important landmarks in the Sikh religion. It is the day the city of Amritsar was founded in 1577.
Next in line, is the release of Guru Hargobind imprisoned by a Mughal Emperor. Guru Hargobind was the prisoner in the Gwalior Fort Prison and it was on this day he was freed and he arrived at the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
Finally, this day marks the martyrdom of Bhai Mani Singh in 1738. Bhai Mani Singh staunchly refused to convert to Islam, under the Mughal Empire and also tried to celebrate Diwali for which a fine was levied onto him but he was unable to pay it. Eventually, he was martyred and the Sikh community still revere him on the occasion of Diwali.
The Elaborate Celebration of the Five Day Festival- Diwali
- Dhanteras – The first day: Dhanteras is a compound word consisting of, “Dhan” meaning wealth and “teras” meaning thirteen. The number thirteen signifies the thirteenth day or the fortnight of Karthik. It also marks the beginning of the five day festival of Diwali.
People clean their homes and surroundings during this day and puts rows of Diyas or earthen lamps to illuminate and brighten the night skies. Theses brightly lit diyas, illuminate the workplaces and homes. People buy household items and utensils specifically on this day, as it is considered auspicious. In the evenings people pray to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha. Offerings of sweets and flowers are made to the deities during the prayer.
Legend has it that the term “Dhan” also refers to “Dhanvantari”, the Goddess of health and healing, who was born along with Goddess Lakshmi during “Samudra Manthana”, the event of churning of the ocean.
People who practice Ayurveda are seen performing “ Yagya”, or offering prayers to Goddess Dhanvantari during Dhanteras.
- Chhoti Diwali –The second day: “Chhoti” or little Diwali kis also known as “Narakachaturdashi”. “Naraka” translates to hell and “chaturdashi” is the fourteenth. This day is observed as an auspicious occasion to perform various rituals, for the emancipation of the soul from the sufferings of hell. This day in other words is considered sacred for the soul.
In many Hindu communities this day is considered a scared time to light the path of dead ancestors, in their spiritual journey. People perform rituals and offer light, water and prayers to their ancestors, for a brightly lit and peaceful after life.
“Narakachaturdashi” is also the day celebrants purchase a variety of festive foods and sweets. Many households prepare various confectionary items, such as barfis, shreekhand, sandesh and halwa. Shops are decorated and they sell various sweet items such as rasgulla and laddus.
Families also visit their relatives, friends and business associates during this day. Among some of the Hindu communities of Tamil Nadu, Goa and Karnataka, this day is celebrated as Diwali and younger members of the family receive an oil massage from the elders of the family, after which they take a ritual bath before sunrise.
- Diwali –The third day: the darkest fortnight of the festival, Diwali is the third day when the five day long festival reaches its zenith. The entire Indian subcontinent is lit during this occasion and this includes the Hindu, Jain and Sikh Temples.
The elders of the family receive visits from the younger members. There is exchange of gifts and pleasantries. Workers, labourers and employees receive Diwali bonus from their employers.
People clean and decorate their workplace during this day. They also perform puja celebrations during this day in their workplace. Some shops remain closed or close early so that they can enjoy more family time. The major difference between Diwali and many other Hindu festivals is the fact that unlike other auspicious occasions, people do not fast during this day but instead they feast on sweets and delicacies.
The festive spirit is high as the evening approaches. Celebrants, after finishing their preparation take a bath and wear new clothes. Many communities prefer to wear their traditional attire and the children, can be seen especially excited for the festival of light and happiness.
The family members finally gather together for Lakshmi puja. Prayers and offerings are made to Goddess Lakshmi by the family. Other Gods and Goddesses such as Ganesha, Saraswati, Ram, Laxman, Sita and Hanumana are also worshipped and revered during this puja.
The prayer comes to a crescendo with “aarti”. After this the elders of the family give blessings and sweets to the younger ones and now the puja diya or lamp is used to light all the diyas or lamps placed in rows in the house. Once the entire house and the surrounding areas are brightly lit people come out and light fireworks, exchange gifts and pleasantries with their neighbours and relatives. Diwali is the grandest celebration, where everyone celebrates the festival by giving sweets and gifts ti their loved ones.
Among the Bengali Hindu community, this day is celebrated as Kali Puja. Goddess Kali being te symbol of “Shakti” or power, and the reign of the supreme power over evil. The rituals and celebration of Diwali is seemingly alike with Lakshmi Puja and the only difference is that the main focus here is the worship and emphasis on Goddess Kali.
The cleaning and lighting of diyas at home is significant in Diwali, as it is to ensure that Lakshmi enters people’s homes and it is a common belief that Goddess Lakshmi presides in homes that are clean and brightly lit. This cleaning of homes and offices is also symbolic of the monsoons and its process of cleaning and purifying the surrounding areas.
- Govardhan Puja – The fourth day: The day after Diwali is the onset of the bright fortnight, of the lunisolar calendar. This Puja is known by different names among the different communities of India, namely:
This day has different reference stories and some of them are as follows:
This day is celebrated among various Hindu communities as the day Lord Vishnu defeated the mighty Bali. Bali was a King who was immensely powerful and could not be defeated by any mortal being. Hence, the Gods had to descend to defeat this powerful King.
Govardhan Puja is also symbolic of the day Lord Shiva and his wife Goddess Parvati, engaged in a game of “dyuta” or dice, in a board of twelve squares and thirty pieces. Lord Shiva eventually lost the game and had to surrender his adornments and attire to Goddess Parvati. This metaphorical tale symbolized the female pro-creative energy.
The twelve squares in the dice board are the number of months and the thirty pieces, indicate the number of days in a month.
This day celebrates the bond between a husband and wife, in some communities the husbands give gifts to the wives. Usually, parents invite their son-in-law or daughter-in-law and enjoy a family meal together.
Among the Hindus in the central region and the North West of India, this day is celebrated as Govardhan Puja, or the day in reverence of Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna is said to have saved the farming and animal herding communities against great floods and heavy rainfall. Therefore, cow dung miniature mountains are made to honour Lord Krishna during Govardhan Puja .
- “Bhai-Dooj” or “Bhai-Tika –The final day: The final day or the fifth day of Diwali is celebrated as Bhai-Dooj or Bhai-Tika, both terms literally translating to brother’s day. Jjthis day is significant as it is believed that Lord Krishna, returns to his sister, Subhadra, after defeating Narakasura. Subhadra welcomed Krishna with a “tilaka” or “tika” on his forehead, hence the tradition of applying “tika” on the brother’s forehead continued.
It is also referred that on this day “Yama” the God of Death, was welcomed by his sister “Yamuna”, by applying Tilaka on his forehead.
This day distinguishes itself from Rakhi, because, unlike Rakhi, where sisters tie the sacred thread around their brothers’ wrists, in Bhai-dooj, sisters welcome their brothers with Tilaka on their forehead followed by a festive meal like on Rakhi. Usually the brothers, travel to their sister’s residence and celebrate this day.
The female members of the family gather together and offer prayers, asking for the well being of their brothers. After the prayer session, they give their brothers special meals which they have prepared, for this occasion. In return the brothers give gifts and money to their sisters and the day comes to a conclusion.
Diwali , therefore can be termed, not just as a religious function, but it has a definite impact on the socio-economic infrastructure of the country. Various sectors of business, experience better profits during this festival, since people splurge during Diwali as it is considered lucky to invest during Lakshmi Puja.
There is a significant bonding in the social circles as well, regardless of religion, caste or creed as Diwali is the festival of sharing and the spreading of love and festivities.
Diwali: The Festival of Lights – A Celebration of Good over Evil
The Festival of Lights or Diwali, which came from “deepawali,” a Sanskrit word, is the annual celebration of good over evil, of light over darkness. This festival is important to various religions, not only to Hinduism but also to Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism. Among all of the Hindu celebrations, this is the brightest and the biggest ever. Generally speaking, this is the time of God Lord Rama’s homecoming after defeating Ravana, the demon king.
Image Copyright: mehta123 / 123RF Stock Photo
Diwali is doubly important in India as this also marks the Hindu New Year, thus in India, it is observed as a major holiday. Diwali is also a major celebration in Malaysia and Nepal and across the globe where Hindu communities area present. The main festival night for Diwali is when there’s a new moon (Hindu Lunisolar month Kartik) and the night sky is very dark, all the more dramatic since the symbolic burning of candles and lamps is highlighted and the ensuing fireworks will definitely brighten up the sky.
When is Diwali celebrated?
The observance of Diwali varies annually, based on the Lunisolar calendar of the Hindus, but it generally falls either in October or sometime in November. For 2015, it is set to take place in November 11, a Wednesday. Preparation starts a few days before the main event. In total, Diwali is celebrated for five days. This year, eight countries will be celebrating it on November 11 while four countries celebrated it in November 10.
In India, there are festive days revolving around Diwali. In some Western and Northern parts of India, they observe the first day with Dhanteras, followed by Naraka Chaturdasi. The third day is Deepawali while the fourth day honors married couples with Diwali Padva. The fifth day honors siblings, in a celebration called Bhau-beej.
Items and traditions involved in the Diwali celebration
There are many items used in the observance of Diwali. Garlands of jasmine and marigold, food, music, fireworks, lamps and lights are employed. Diyas, those small clay oil lamps are lit and used to decorate homes to honor Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Rangolis (also called Muggu or Kolam) are amazing and colorful geometric patterns made using flower petals, colored sand, paint, colored chalk or rice. These are used to decorate entrance ways, courtyards and living rooms of Hindu houses to welcome Lakshmi.
Like the Christian celebration of Christmas or New Year, sweets and gifts are exchanged, greetings and Diwali well wishes are also given and sent, now faster and to a larger number of people through social media. Families usually prepare lavish meals and many people will go out to buy new clothes to wear. Gardens are spruced up and homes get a thorough cleaning to have a fresh start in the New Year. Windows will be thrown wide open so that Lakshmi could enter their homes and bring them prosperity.
Origin of the holiday
Diwali was once a festival to celebrate the last harvest before the start of winter. Hindus would thank and ask for blessings from the goddess of prosperity and wealth, Lakshmi for the end of the financial year and the start of a new one. This tradition is observed to this day. There are also various legends describing the festival’s origin. Some believed that it was to celebrate the marriage of Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi.
Meaning of Diwali for different religions
The celebration of Diwali holds special meaning to different religions and is associated with different traditions, myths and historical events, although the main theme involves light.
In Jainism, it is the event commemorating Lord Mahavira’s attainment of nirvana. For the Hindus, it is the triumphant return of Lord Rama, Sita and Lakshman from a 14-year exile and the defeat of Ravana from the hands of Lord Rama. Other Hindus interpret Diwali as the day demon Narakasura was defeated by Lord Krishna or the day demon king Bali as vanquished to the netherworld by Lord Vishnu.
The Sikhs celebrate Diwali to mark the day Guru Har Gobind successfully returned to Amritsar’s Golden Temple following his escape from the prison of Jahangir, a Mughal emperor. For the Buddhists, Diwali is the day when Emperor Ashoka converted to Buddhism.
Diwali is a joyous occasion and traditionally involves a huge celebration. Its significance is profound. Illuminating the homes with lights from clay oil lamps or even candles and using firecrackers to light up the sky symbolize obedience to the heavens for the acquisition of prosperity, peace, knowledge, wealth and health. From darkness to light – it’s a symbol of finding new hope and reason, a renewed commitment to do well and bring light to your soul.
Why Visuals Are Important to the Holiday
Hindu devotees have celebrated Diwali since at least 1AD. The ancient Hindu scriptures Padma Purana and Skanda Purana record the earliest known celebration. While Diwali is, at its core, a religious holiday, and worship and honor is reserved for goddess Lakshmi, Diwali also showcases how important celebratory elements are to the eye. Gold, clothing, rangoli in a host of color, and a clean home are things that Diwali guests can see. So, properly capturing them during celebrations is a must.
Being one of the most important celebrations of one of the world’s largest religions puts Diwali on a globally mainstream radar. Properly capturing centuries-old traditions—while understanding their origins—is a necessity for any photographer, artist, or videographer. Hindus put their pride and joy into worshiping the goddess Lakshmi with Diwali gatherings, and artists can properly depict this once they know what shining, colorful markers of the day to look for.
1. Diwali is the most important religious festival celebrated by followers of Hinduism. It is also called Divali, Deepavali or Deepawaliਊnd is commonly referred to as the Festival of Lights.
2. The Festival of Lights celebrates the Hindu New Year. It is a celebration of the victory of light over darkness and the triumph of good over evil.
3.This festival can last up to five days. Diwali takes place every year in late October or early November depending on the cycle of the moon. The festival starts two days before the new moon comes up.
In 2020, the Diwali celebrations go from 12 November until 16 November. The main celebrations take place on 14 November 2020.Deepavali Street Decorations in Singapore
4. The name Deepavali originates from the ancient Indian Sanskrit language and means 'row of lights'. 'Dipa' means 'Light' and 'avali' is the word for ‘row’.
5. There are various legends that refer to the festival. They traditionally involve the Hindu gods Rama, Lakshmi or Krishna. They all celebrate the victory of the good over the evil and this festival is a celebration of hope, happiness and peace.
Family celebrating Diwali with sparklers
6. Originally Diwali was celebrated as a harvest festival in India, but today Diwali is celebrated as the Festival of Light by Hindus all over the world.
This festival is celebrated with sparklers, firecrackers and fireworks are held in many places.
Diwali Fireworks in Varanasi/India
7. At Diwali it is tradition to decorate and illuminate the homes, visit the local temple for prayers and share meals with families and friends. Children get small gifts and sweets. Traditional Diwali food includes sweets such as the delicious syrupy gulab jamunꂺlls and other Indian sweets displayed below.
Diwali sweets (clockwise from top left): Gulab Jamun, Karanji, Bundi Ladoo, Rasgulla, and Kaju Katli
8. Lighting candles, oil lamps and sparklers are the main customs at this festival. Indians light diyas which are candleholders or clay lamps that are used for decoration.
Homes and buildings are also decorated with rangoli decorations made with flowers, coloured sand or even coloured rice, flour or spices.
Flower rangoli decorations in a home
9. Statues of Lakshmi, the four-armed Hindu goddess of prosperity, and of Ganesha, the Hindu lord of success usually referred to as the 'Elephant God', are also cherished and decorated with flowers in many homes.Diyas are typically put up
10. Larger Diwali celebrations outside India take place in Singapore's Little India district as well as in London and Leicester/UK, Sydney/Australia and Toronto/Canada where some main roads are decorated with lights and the Hindu community gathers and showcases Indian traditions, crafts and Indian food at fairs and festival grounds.
Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists also celebrate the new year with a festival of light on these dates but have different legends and traditions referring to the event.
Diwali celebrations in Leicester UK
THE FESTIVAL OF LIGHTS – DIWALI
Bring some light into your life and celebrate Diwali this year. Diwali is a five-day festival which is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains all around the world and originated in India. Nearly one billion people celebrate Diwali every year! This year Diwali will be celebrated on 14 th November. The dates change every year as the festival is based on the lunar calendar.
Why Is Diwali Celebrated?
The word Diwali originates from the Sanskrit work deepavali, meaning row of lighted lamps. It is the celebration of Ram and Sita (Hindu deities) returning to Ayodhya after their 14 year exile. The people of Ayodhya lit up the city with candles and oil lamps, called diyas, so they could find their way back home. It is the celebration of good triumphing over evil as Rama defeated king Ravana.
The lights and lamps are said to help Lakshmi find her way into peoples’ home. Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, purity and auspiciousness. Hence, the lights welcome Lakshmi and prosperity in the year to come!
How Can You Celebrate Diwali?
Rangoli is a popular Diwali tradition which is a design that is made with colourful powders, rice or flowers on the floor outside of your home to welcome guests. This is the perfect activity for you and your friends or your children to celebrate Diwali. You can get really creative and come up with your own patterns!
Diwali is the perfect time to enjoy time with your friends and family. People often get together to feast, exchange gifts and sweets. If you are feeling adventurous try my personal favourite Indian sweet, the gulab jamun! They are berry sized milk based sweets covered in a sugar syrup. If you have a sweet tooth, gulab jamun will be a massive game changer for you.
Another tradition is to wear new clothes and watch firework displays. With coronavirus, you might not be able to catch a firework display but fear not! Get some sparklers and light them up in your back yard. As a child this was my favourite part of celebrating Diwali.
The 5 Days Explained
Each of the five days signify something different so here is a break of what each day means:
The first day is known as ‘Dhanteras’. Being one of the most auspicious days in the year it is a custom to purchase something precious. People clean and decorate their homes on this day.
‘Naraka Chaturdas’ or ‘Kali Chaudas’ is celebrated by taking a holy bath and wearing new clothes to remove all sins and impurities.
14 th November – Day Three
The third day is the main Diwali festival. This day is celebrated by performing ‘Lakshmi Puja’, worshipping the Goddess Lakshmi, which brings good fortune. Lights are placed around the house and families exchange gifts with each other.
The fourth day is ‘Govardhan Puja’ or ‘Padva’. It is the day when Lord Krishna defeated Indra by lifting the huge Govardhan Mountain.
The last day is known as ‘Bhai Dooj’. Sisters pray for long and happy lives for their brothers and invite them over for a meal. Brothers usually give gifts to their sisters on this day.
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The Sparkling Genesis of a Historical Partnership
What is it that makes epic diamonds so inextricably a part of Diwali? Interestingly, the story of diamonds and Diwali go a long way back and begins with the exciting chase for the mysterious Symantaka diamond, the most beautiful and powerful of all gems. It was this diamond that brought Lord Krishna and his wife Satyabhama together after an arduous battle for the precious diamond. Lord Krishna retrieved it after many battles and returned it eventually to the grateful owner, Shatrajit who gave his beautiful daughter Satyabhama in marriage to Krishna. While the Symantaka diamond married Krishna with Satyabhama, the couple found themselves embroiled in another dramatic episode, connecting them to another set of diamonds, when together, they retrieved it and vanquished the demon Narakasura on Diwali day.
The Origins of Chhoti (small) Diwali : Paved with Diamonds, War and Love
Chhoti Diwali is the day that reminisces the glorious defeat of Narakasura – the ultimate triumph of good over evil and grace over greed. The love story of Lord Krishna and Satyabhama leads several years later to the scintillating tale of Naraka Chaturdashi or Chhoti Diwali, the second day of the five day long Diwali festival. This is the day the demon Narakasura, was killed by none other than the fiery Satyabhama with help from Krishna. Assuming invincibility because of the boon by Lord Brahma, that he could only be killed by his ‘mother’ Bhumidevi, Narakasura attacked and conquered the three worlds. Defeating Indra, the King of Gods, he plundered Devlok* and unceremoniously stole the heavenly diamond earrings of Goddess Aditi, the Mother of the Devas: precious jewels so brilliant that they glowed even in the dark.
The fierce Satyabhama soared through the sky mounted on an eagle, firing multiple arrows to vanquish the demon Narakasura and recover Goddess Aditi’s heavenly diamond earrings.
Aditi rushed to Satyabhama for help. Satyabhama took matters into her own hands and sought Krishna’s aid to attack the Asura king. Krishna, aware of Narakasura’s boon and knowing that his wife was an avatar of Bhumidevi, decided to help Satyabhama as her charioteer in her battle against the Demon King. Symbolising the ultimate partnership of a couple in both love and war, they together defeated him in a long drawn war, recovering the stolen diamond earrings and releasing the princesses held captive by Narakasura.
Besides the victory of good over evil, this story illuminates the strength of love through something as rare and beautiful as a real diamond: the perfect partnership.
Rituals Celebrating Love and Light
Diamonds have remained the epitome of beauty and grace, purity and strength since time immemorial and continue to extend their exuberance to the spirit of Diwali today.
The five day festival of lights begins with Dhanteras** the day when people light diyas – to drive away the darkness of Amavasya ‘the new moon day’ on which Diwali is observed every year, making it sacred and auspicious with its underlying significance of light banishing the forces of darkness. There is a timeless tradition that comes packed with the festivities on the auspicious day of Dhanteras – purchasing gold and offering prayers to Goddess Lakshmi to invoke her blessings.
Today, the ritual has evolved to include gifting gold and diamond jewellery as a token of love to those closest to you. The tradition has been followed not only to welcome prosperity and joy to one’s life but also as a way to fend off bad omens and negativity.
It is strongly believed that the purchase of gold on the first day of Diwali ‘Dhanteras’ is an auspicious investment that will bring prosperity, wealth and good fortune bestowed by Goddess Lakshmi. The festival also witnesses the exchange of gifts including sparkling gold & diamond jewellery.
Jewellery: Neha Lulla Jewellery
Diwali, diyas, gold and diamonds together usher in big bling time. The festival offers multiple occasions of dressing up through the five days to don your gems and diamond jewellery in your traditional best. As dispelled by the flickering diyas: or the flashing natural diamonds, their sparkle and light ushers in fresh hope and good fortune. Probably why, unlike other Amavasyas, this day is believed to be more auspicious to begin new ventures or buy new valuables.
A diamond for love, a diamond for celebration: diamonds have been reflecting everlasting love and triumphing light over darkness for thousands of years, making the gem a symbol of hope and wonder throughout history.
*Devlok – a realm of eternal light and goodness where the gods exist.
**Dhanteras – The thirteenth lunar day in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik – the first of the five days of the Diwali celebration. ‘Dhan’ means wealth and ‘teras’ means thirteen.
Diwali Or Deepavali. . . A 'Festival Of Lights' . . . Triumphant Victory Of Good Over Evil
This article is re-printed from Yeshu Samaj website.
True Internal Diwali / Deepavali
Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is a 'festival of lights' celebrated especially by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains . This festival is spread over three to four days and is one of the most anticipated times of celebration. Homes are lit with hundreds of deeya (clay oil lamps) during the season, to signify victory of good over evil. The day of Diwali is the highlight of this celebratory mood. Families get together to start the day with oil baths, then exchange gifts and sweets, followed by the most exciting event of the year - family fire works. Fireworks begin before the crack of dawn and go well into the day. No amount of description is sufficient to capture all the excitement and celebrations associated with the Diwali festival. You have to be there to experience it.
Our traditions have several recorded stories of the triumphant victory of good over evil , and they are usually symbolized in the death of Ashuras (evil individuals with supernatural powers, who terrorize the innocent). Diwali is usually associated with either the return of Ram after vanvas (after defeating the Ashura Ravan), or Krishna 's defeat of Narakasur (another Ashura). In many places, the awesome show of fireworks occurs when huge, firecracker-filled, effigies of Ravan are destroyed, symbolizing the destruction of the evil Ravan. Inherently inclined to introspection, the Eastern mind also associates this with defeating the evil within - an act of self-purification. Many movie plots and modern spiritual teachings reflect this theme of removing the Ravan (evil) from within, so that we simply have Ram (good) within.
All celebrations aside, have we seriously attempted the removing of all evil from within? Have we succeeded in vanquishing the evil within us? Are just human efforts sufficient to overcome evil? I don't know how far you have gone. It is between you and God to determine that. But, after several years of introspection and attempts at self purification, I realized that I was just beginning. Then I looked around and rubbed shoulders with people who were farther along the way than me, and, they were in the same boat as me.
Let's even take one of the noblest men from recent history, Mahatma (super soul) Gandhi, who is a role model in this pursuit of self-purification. Mahatma Gandhi led a great life, and I admire his dedication to pursue truth. In the final chapter of his autobiography My Experiments with Truth, titled 'Farewell', he states, "But the path of self-purification is hard and steep. To attain perfect purity one has to become absolutely passion-free in thought, speech and action to rise above the opposing currents of love and hatred, attachment and repulsion. I know that I have not in me as yet that triple purity, in spite of constant ceaseless striving for it. But I know that I have still before me a difficult path to traverse …"
Well, if our Mahatma Gandhi, who got the title Mahatma (super soul) for his great life, sincerely states that he still has a difficult path ahead, what does that mean for you and me? How much hope do you and I have? Will we ever be able to fully vanquish the Ashura (evil) within? Is this why we think we need several lifetimes to get this right? Is there another approach to this? Well, the good news is that there is God's approach, that is available for us explore, where the Ashura within us is defeated with God's strength, not ours . Perhaps, learning to apply this purification might be the best Diwali Gift ever. Let us unveil this mystery.
The Ashura (Evil) within is more complex than the external entity. To secure permanent freedom for us, God has to deal with our accumulated karma (past), and has to give us the ability to defeat our tendency to give into evil (present). This victory over our past was accomplished when Yeshu, the immortal God, took upon himself the full blow of punishment reserved for us and faced death on our behalf. Yeshu opened the door for Pavitra Atma (God's Atma) to come and live within us after his resurrection (came back to life after conquering Death). When the Pavitra Atma comes to live in us, we have God as the Internal Guru who grants us power over evil in each of our circumstances through out life. By continuous surrender to the guidance of the Internal Guru, we get victory over the internal Ashura in every circumstance . When God enters our life, we begin a new life with a clean slate, with power to overcome evil in all circumstances.
God loves us so much that He decided to intervene to grant us this True Internal Diwali.
If I do not have sufficient words to describe the festivities and excitement of a three or four days Diwali festival, I have to admit that I am way over my head to even begin to describe the festival that lasts for eternity – Yeshu Diwali. Thankfully, God knows our inadequacy to even articulate such marvelous truths and has provided us with His inspired Word, which gives us a glimpse into what I am taking liberty to call Yeshu Diwali.
When we surrender to the leading of Pavitra Atma, we will be able to sincerely say this: "For God, who said, 'Let light shine out of darkness', made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Yeshu . But we have this treasure in jars of clay to show that this all surpassing power is from God."
Unlike the Diwali festival, where you have to be there to experience it, to experience Yeshu Diwali - you have to allow Yeshu to manifest in you. You have to make the choice to personally invite Yeshu (the Light) to ignite you in order to experience Yeshu Diwali. When it comes to this internal Diwali, we are just like the clay lamps that don't have light in themselves we have to be lit by the Light (Yeshu) who has victory over Evil. The Light has to shine in our hearts to give us the experience. As it is said about Yeshu, ‘The Light shines in the darkness, but the darkness can never extinguish it’.
Wish you a Happy Yeshu Diwali. Come, celebrate the vanquishing of the Ashura within.
Diwali is known as the festival of lights in India. Traditionally, it is one of the most revered occasions celebrated by Hindu, Jain, Buddhists and Sikhs communities. They commemorate Diwali as the victory of lights over darkness, which in literal sense, means that no matter how powerful an evil force it is fated to meet with its end finally. Today the Indian Festival of Diwali has become a worldwide phenomenon called as festival of lights. It is hailed in symbolic row of clay-prepared lamps called diyas, according to Skanda Purana. During the occasion, indoor and outdoor places are given spotless cleanliness. Diyasand colorful bulbs arelit around every corner of homes to greet Mata Lakshmi on Diwali.
Every festival of India bears a certain kind of mythological connection, and Diwali is also one of the fiestas bearing a religious and mythological linkto the goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha. Both the deities signify fortune, knowledge, wisdom, prosperity and spiritual enlightenment.
History of Diwali
The festival of Diwali is a harbinger of harvest season, a trend pioneered in the ancient India. The religious books of Skanda Purana and Padma Purana, written in Sanskrit texts, tell a detailed account of Diwali or Deepavali. Skanda Purana has referred the festival as the source of life-sustaining cosmic energy and light.
Another historical reference of Diwali is found in Sanskrit play of the King Harsha’s Nagananda in which the festival is named as Deepapratipadutsava. The translation of this name is light of first day festival. It is said to have originated because newly wedded couples were offered lit-clamps as gifts.
A well-known Sanskrit poet, by the name of Rajashekhara mentioned, in his Kavyamimamsa about Diwali. He called it a tradition in which people whitewashed their homes and adorned their home environment, streets, and markets with oil lamps in the night.
Al Biruni, a Persian traveller and historian, mentioned Diwali as the festival of Hindu held on the appearance of New Moon in Kartika month.
History also says that Mughal emperor Akbar gave Diwali a due honor and participated in the festival without discrimination. Sir William Jones, a noted philologist, also mentioned in his book, The Lunar Year of the Hindus, about Diwali, calling it a five-day festival held in the period of Aswina-Cartica.
Reasons why Diwali is celebrated
- From the standpoint of ethics, the reason to celebrate Diwali points to the direction of its moral messages, such as victory of light over darkness, triumph of knowledge over ignorance, and conquest of good over evil force.
- Diwali is celebrated with utmost religious adherence and ritual grammar in conjugation with the traditions the festival aligned with it. According to a popular tradition, the reason to celebrate Diwali is because this day marked Lord Rama’s victory over demon Ravanaas mentioned in the epic, Ramayana. According to Ramayana, when Lord Rama was serving exile for 14 years in the jungle with his younger brother, Lakshmana, and wife Sita, the tyrant king of Lanka, Ravana, driven by the lust of power and arrogance, abducted Sita, leaving Rama no option but to retort so as to break free his wife from the clutch of Ravana. This ultimately led to a pitch-war between Rama and Ravana. The war finally concluded with Ravana being killed by Rama, and Sita being freed from his captivity. The victory of Lord Rama was celebrated with great pomp and shows by the subjects of Ayodhya on return of Rama, Lakshmana and Sita.
- Diwali is celebrated because the associated deity of the festival,Laxmi, was born out of churning of the cosmic ocean, the process called Samudra manthan. The deity wedded to Lord Vishnu which later was commemorated with great splendor leading to festivity of Diwali thence.
- According to Vaishnavism Tradition, goddess Lakshmi is considered Supreme Divine Being as goddess of wealth and prosperity. She is the consort of supreme Lord Vishnu. During Samudra Manthan, Laxmi came in her first incarnation during Amavasya of Kartik month. Therefore, Diwali is celebrated as the birthday of goddess Laxmi, considering she came into being from churning of cosmic ocean.
- Another reason for celebrating Diwali relates to the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu as Vamana in order to rescue Laakshmi from the captivity of King Bali.
- The celebration of Diwali has its mythological account with the incident involving Lord Krishna when he killed Narakasura, the ruler of the kingdom Pradyoshpur. The son of BhooDevee, Narakasura was a tyrant king. The boon of Brahma made him omnipotent. Blinded by his power and pride, he held captive of 16,000 women. The intervention of Lord Krishna to put an end to the tyranny of Narakasura came into light when celestial bodies pleaded him to kill the despotic king. Krishna, with his wife, Satyabhaamaa, engaged in pitch battle with Narakasura. The war concluded with Narakasura’s ending at the hands of Satyabhaamaa.
- According to Mahabharata, when Pandavas (Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva) completed their exile for 13 years as a result of banishment sentenced by Kauravas in the aftermath of their defeat in the game of dice, their return was celebrated with Diwali by the subjects of Hastinapura.
- Diwali is also celebrated to commemorate coronation of the greatest king of Ujjain, Vikramaditya, who sreigning is considered the best of all rulings ever happened in India.
- Diwali marks the day when the founder of Jainism, Mahavir Tirthankar attained his Nirvana or omniscience, when he was 42.
Diwali – Festival of Lights
Diwali is the festival of lights. It is a symbolic festivity broadly acknowledged all across India and on the world stage. This is the day marking the inception of auspiciousness. It is believed to promote the doctrine of victory of light over darkness or triumph of good over evil force. Today Diwali is a worldwide fiesta celebrated with great honor for deity Laxmi and lord Ganesha.
The Diwali Panch Parva Festival of lights, Diwali is also harbinger of spotless cleaning conspicuous when people clean their homes, utensils and ensure sanitation of every nook and corner of the streets during the day.
On the second day, people are seen giving eye-catching decorative styles to their homes, including clay lamps and various design patterns called Rangoli and also tiny colorful light bulbs. The worship of goddess Laxmi is held during third day of Diwali in which prayer is offered to goddess Lakshmi and lord Ganesha with sweets, flowers, chants of mantras and Aarti.
It is said that Laxmi Poojan during Diwali brings forth infinite growth in the financial aspect of your life, meaning boundless prosperity and growth happen in the life of devotees if Mata Laxmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped under proper rituals. Consult to PavitraJyotish for Lakshmi and Ganesh Poojan on Diwali.
The fourth day of Diwali involves friends and relatives visiting each other’s place with gifts and Diwali greetings. Diwali festival is wrapped up on fifth day during which brothers pay visit to the homes of their married sisters and enjoy lavish meal.
Diwali Celebration and Maa Lakshmi Puja
Diwali is mostly recognized with lights and worship of goddess Laxmi and lord Ganesha. In addition, the day is harbinger of peace and prosperity for devotees enabling them to bask in forever happiness. Diwali celebration involves worship of goddess Lakshmi considered the Supreme Divine Being born out of churning of cosmic ocean. She wedded to Lord Vishnu.
Also called DHANLAKXMI, goddess Mata Laxmi is offered prayer and greetings by devotees during the occasion of Diwali. In some parts of India, the idols of Mata Lakshmi are worshipped and immersed during the conclusion of the festival.
Regarded as goddess of boundless fortune, Maa Lakshmi is believed to bless the devotees with material and spiritual opulence. She removes their obstacles, enabling them to enjoy each and every moment of their lives with peace and luxury.
It is believed that Lakshmi Poojan during Diwali is auspicious as the deity is invited to the homes of devotees to partake with valuable gifts and blessings of peace and prosperity. On the night of Diwali, goddess Lakshmi roams the earth and feels invited to the home that is decorated with light bulbs and diyas placed at doorsteps, windowsills and every corner of the residence. Apart from goddess Laxmi, prayer is offered to Lord Ganesha and Kubera. Mata Laxmi is symbolized by wealth and prosperity which is why importance of Lakshmi Poojan during Diwali is higher.
The story of Why Laxmi and Ganesha Both Are Worshipped On Diwali
There is a mythological tale as to why Lakshmi and Ganesha both are worshipped during Diwali. As the story goes by, once Mata Laxmi was preoccupied with vanity that she is the only divinity of wealth and so, she went on extolling herself in front of Lord Vishnu, her husband. At this, Bhagwan Narayan made Mata Laxmi understand that a woman full of whatsoever virtues is not considered complete until she bears progeny.
The implication was that since Laxmi was without the virtue of motherhood, she, therefore, was not complete. This explanation of Lord Vishnu apparently saddened Mata Laxmi and then she sought the help from goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva. Mata Laxmi pleaded Mata Parvati to let her adopt one of the two sons of her (Parvati) so that she could be blessed with motherhood.
Reluctance soon engulfed Mata Parvati as she knew that Lakshmi Mata has the tendency of moving from one place to another too frequently, a reason that deeply concerned Parvati if she allowed Laxmi to adopt one of her sons or not, because child needs continuous caring, while Laxmi is never constant.
However, when Mata Laxmi assured Mata Parvati that she would take a good care of the child and bless him with all happiness. Convinced Parvati then agreed to let her adopt her son, Ganesha. Elated Laxmi blessed Ganesha to have happiness and prosperity. He was also granted the boon to be worshiped first during Diwali. Lord Ganesha is symbolized by knowledge and wisdom while goddess Lakshmi is symbolic of wealth and prosperity.
Experiencing Diwali Festival in India
India is enkindled in colorful vibrancy of diya lamps and colorful bulbs during Diwali. This explains why visiting the country during the occasion of Diwali is an experience that will remain imprinted on your memory lane, giving you a nostalgic experience of the festivity throughout your life. This is the occasion India witnesses the unity in diversity. The whole ambience is dressed in twinkling and shining lights, marking Diwali as one of the most revered occasions. Elation blooms in the hearts of devotees by celebrating Deepavali with great pomp and shows.
In Goa, there is an age-old tradition of burning the effigy of demon Narakasura, an activity that marks triumph of good over evil force. In Mumbai, one can spot the never-forgettable splendor of the city’s sky witnessing a row of fireworks busting into pulsating sparks, glittering and illuminating the night sky beautifully.
In Odisha, Diwali is celebrated with special regards, a tribute offered to one’s forefathers. The festival is started by lighting jute sticks and family members of devotees chant mantra in tribute to their forefathers praying for their peace and salvation.
In Kumaon of India’s Uttarakhand State, celebration of Deepawali is celebrated as devotees paint thresholds of their homes in red using the art called Aipan. This art involves Geru a thickly-built pattern placed on the doorsill and is painted with rice solution to red patterns, a symbolic gesture to welcome advent of Diwali and Mata Laxmi to home. People also draw footprint of the deity in beautiful patterns on Diwali.
Jaipur in Diwali becomes at the height of its beauty with Jaipur Shopping Festival, a celebrated organized on Diwali in which traders partake to carry out promotion of their trades in Rajasthan. Besides, cultural shows and performances are also organized in the city during the festival of Diwali.
Therefore, from Kolkata to Mumbai and all parts of India, experiencing Diwali festival in the country is an experience that will never fade into oblivion in your memory lanes.
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Our Diwali Laxmi puja offers for devotees and our esteemed clients involve detailed puja according to specific time of Muhurta. We carry out Laxmi puja with rituals such as Laxmi Strotam path, Homam conducted under Pradoshkal Muhurta Timing, Nisheeth Kaal Muhurta Timing, and Mahanisheeth Kaala Muhurta Timing as deemed appropriate.
Laxmi puja on Diwali with rituals will be conducted by four learned pandits under the guidance of Pt. Umesh Chandra Pant Ji.
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Diwali is famed for being one of the most auspicious festival seasons marking beginning of seasonal harvest, peace and prosperity. Countless devotes from all across India and world pay their tribute to goddess Lakshmi and lord Ganesha during Diwali, seeking blessing of eternal prosperity and peaceful living from the deity.
Several mythological and cultural references lay the background of Diwali as the important devotional festival, being celebrated with utmost adherences and rituals. Spotless cleaning at homes and around surroundings is undertaken during Diwali, with people taking care of decorating their homes with colorful light bulbs and diya lamps. It is believed that on Diwali Mata Laxmi roams the earth and is pleased to enter into a home that is decorated with diya lamps and well-cleaned.
Symbolic of wealth and prosperity, deity Lakshmi is worshipped during Diwali and prayer is offered to her by devotees to bless them with wealth and happiness. Lord Ganesha is also worshipped on Diwali to bless the devotees with knowledge, wisdom, and prosperity. Book your Diwali Mahalakshmi Puja by our Puja and Anushthan Services by Reliable and Learned Pandits.
Different ways of Happy Diwali Celebration
The celebration of Diwali 2020 differs as per the diversity of India. In general, the celebration starts from the thirteenth day of Kartik, celebrated as &ldquo Dhan Teras&rdquo. Some also worship Dhanwantari, the God of medicine and herbs on this day. Some people worship Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha during Diwali to celebrate and pray for wealth, peace, and happiness. In West Bengal, the Dipaboli festival (or Diwali) is associated with the supreme mother goddess Shyama and Kali's worship.
People decorate their houses with rangoli and light diyas. Everyone comes together to light firecrackers, celebrate the day with pujas, and meet at each other's homes to exchange sweets or gifts. As described above, people across India indulge in a happy Diwali celebration and celebrate this festival of light with grandeur.