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By definition, Pre-Columbian cultures are those that were in America before the Spanish conquest, settling in these lands since several millennia before Christ.
These cultures, as happened with others throughout the planet, were subdivided according to the degree of development and thus we find the so-called high cultures, which arose mainly in Mesoamerica and the Andes, highlighting among them the three great cultures: Incas, Mayas and Aztecs.
But they were not the only ones, but within them we find the Anasazi, Mississippian, Mexica, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Olmeca, Muisca, Cañaris, Moche, Nazca, Chimú and Tiahuanaco cultures.
In the case of North AmericaSome cultures also stood out such as the Yaquis, Seris, Apaches, Mohicans, Navajos, Cheyennes, Algonquins, Eskimos and Siouxs, among others.
All pre-Columbian cultures that reached a high degree of development have several elements in common, although one stands out above the others: the construction of temples and religious monuments.
Notable among them are those found in the archaeological sites of Caral, Chavín, Moche, Pachacámac, Tiahuanaco, Cuzco, Machu Picchu and Nazca, in the Central Andes area; and in the case of Mesoamerica, Teotihuacán, Tajín, Palenque, Tulum, Tikal, Chichén-Itzá and Monte Alban.
However, these were not the only ones to be found in America. Here we share with you a list of pre-Columbian cultures (which will be expanded over time), where we find:
|Intermediate (Costa Rica, Panama, Caribbean slopes of Honduras and Nicaragua; and Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador)|
|May Chinchipe Marañon|
|Central Andes (Peru and Bolivia)|
|Central Andes (Chile)|
|Choapa Early Potters|
|Rapa Nui (Easter Island)|
|Toconce - Turi|
|South Area (Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay)|
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